October 1, 2015
The Design’s World never stop so that Décor & Style always have fresh updates and news for you, and today we bring you the Designs of this year, The Best Architect Projects of 2015 – Part 1.
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5. MVRDV Markthal Rotterdam
The building has a glass facade on both sides, these are made up of smaller glass windows. The smaller windows are mostly squared and around 1485 millimeters wide. All of these are hanged around a structure of steel cables, 34 metres high and 42 metres wide, which makes it the largest glass-window cable structure in Europe. Each facade has 26 vertical and 22 horizontal cables.
The inside of the building is painted with a 11.000 m2 artwork of Arno Coenen, named Hoorn des Overvloeds. The artwork shows strongly enlarged fruits, vegetables, seeds, fish, flowers and insects.
The artwork of Coenen was selected out of 9 international candidates. The work was made using digital 3D-techniques. This enormous file of 1,47 terabytes needed special servers, these are also used by Pixar Studios for making animated movies.
The digital 3D-animation was separated in 4000 pieces and then printed on to steel. The 4000 steel panels are now on the inside of the hall. Right after the opening in 2014, the artwork got a lot of attention from around the world. Some called it The largest artwork in the world or The Sistine Chapel of Rotterdam.
4. Sancaklar Mosque Emre Arolat Architects
This mosque near Istanbul by Emre Arolat Architects, which features cast concrete walls and a “cave-like” prayer hall, has been shortlisted for this year’s Design of the Year award.
Turkish firm Emre Arolat Architects used a combination of light grey stone and reinforced concrete to construct the Sancaklar Mosque, which is set into a plaza made up of shallow terraced steps.
The 700-square-metre structure is situated in Buyukçekmece, a suburb on the outskirts of Istanbul and is separated from the surrounding gated communities by a busy highway and tall stone walls.
The pared-back and unornamented structure is set into a depression in the landscape, with only the stone roof and a tall minaret visible from certain points around the perimeter.
“Sancaklar Mosque aims to address the fundamental issues of designing a mosque by distancing itself from the current architectural discussions based on form and focusing solely on the essence of religious space,” said the architects.
Pieces of stone set into the sloping terrain create rows of long, earthen steps that lead down to the sunken building. Tufts of grass have sprouted around the stonework, helping to integrate the steps and roof into the landscape.
A combination of concrete partitions, stone walls and tall box hedges screen areas of the gardens at the lower level, where stepping stones lead across a pool of shallow water to the entrance.
3. Wendell Burnette Desert Courtyard House
Located in Scottsdale, Arizona, USA, as Ocotillos march across a private drive that descends a ridge following a natural wash, this project’s form emerges amidst towering Saguaros and geological outcroppings as the depth and complexity of the desert floor is revealed.
Constructed from soil excavated from the site, the house is a mass of concrete and rammed earth walls that meet the sky without termination.
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At night, the glass dissolves and the steel plate ceiling of the interior spaces merges with the dark sky. The roof is clad in weathered steel and, when seen from above, recedes into the landscape as a deep shadow.
Experience of place is prioritized by means of the project’s configuration and materiality allowing for a primordial understanding of the desert landscape.
2. Vo Trong Nghia Architects House for Trees
Under rapid urbanization, cities in Vietnam have diverged far away from their origins as rampant tropical forests. In Ho Chi Minh City, as an example, only 0.25% area of the entire city is covered by greenery. Over-abundance of motorbikes causes daily traffic congestion as well as serious air pollution. As a result, new generations in urban areas are losing their connections with nature.
“House for Trees”, a prototypical house within a tight budget of 155,000 USD, is an effort to change this situation. The aim of project is to return green space into the city, accommodating high-density dwelling with big tropical trees.
Five concrete boxes, each houses a different program, are designed as “pots” to plant trees on their tops. With thick soil layer, these “pots” also function as storm-water basins for detention and retention, therefore contribute to reduce the risk of flooding in the city when the idea is multiplied to a large number of houses in the future.
1. Szczecin Philharmonic Hall in Poland
The Szczecin Philharmonic Hall in Poland by Spanish studio Barozzi Veiga has won the European Union’s architecture prize, the Mies van der Rohe Award 2015. The concert hall, which features a zigzagging roof profile and a translucent ribbed-glass facade.
They praised the Szczecin Philharmonic Hall for taking on “a new symbolic role” in its replacement of an auditorium that was destroyed during the second world war, and recognised the building’s potential to offer “new chances for cultural and leisure events”.
“This winning project finds a convincing formal and spatial strategy for a city which strives for a better future in a fast-changing economy and social patterns, delivering a dignity to urban life and the same time enhancing the city’s specific historical identity with a contemporary monument,” they said.